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Olympic Sports Navigation menu VideoAthletics Men's 110m Hurdles Semi-Finals - Full Replay - London 2012 Olympics The only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics, aquatics (the discipline of swimming has been in every Olympics), cycling, fencing, and gymnastics (the discipline of artistic gymnastics has been in every Olympics). Only five sports have been contested at every summer Olympic Games since Athletics, Cycling, Fencing, Gymnastics and Swimming. In there were 26 sports contested, and in there was 28, and 33 are scheduled for (see list). Welcome to the official Tokyo Olympic Games website, featuring the latest news, interviews, competition schedules, event and tournament-related. Swimming is one of the top 10 most popular Olympic sports but more on that later. Apart from swimming, diving and rafting are also some of the Popular Olympic Sports to exist to date. 3. Track and field. Track-and-field. At number 3 of the top 10 most popular Olympic sports, we have track and field. This might not seem likely but it is. Olympics to give break dancing a spin in The IOC has granted Olympic status to break dancing. The sport will be called breaking and debut at the Games in Paris.
For example, aquatics is a summer Olympic sport that includes six disciplines: swimming , synchronized swimming , diving , water polo , open water swimming , and high diving the last of which is a non-Olympic discipline , since all these disciplines are governed at international level by the International Swimming Federation.
Other notable multi-discipline sports are gymnastics artistic, rhythmic, and trampoline , cycling road, track, mountain, and BMX , volleyball indoors and beach , wrestling freestyle and Greco-Roman , canoeing flatwater and slalom , and bobsleigh includes skeleton.
The disciplines listed here are only those contested in the Olympics—gymnastics has two non-Olympic disciplines, while cycling and wrestling have three each.
The IOC definition of a "discipline" may differ from that used by an international federation. For example, the IOC considers artistic gymnastics a single discipline, but the International Federation of Gymnastics FIG classifies men's and women's artistic gymnastics as separate disciplines.
On some occasions, notably in the case of snowboarding , the IOC agreed to add a sport that previously had a separate international federation to the Olympics on condition that they dissolve their governing body and instead affiliate with an existing Olympic sport federation, therefore not increasing the number of Olympic sports.
An event, by IOC definition, is a competition that leads to the award of medals. Therefore, the sport of aquatics includes a total of 46 Olympic events, of which 32 are in the discipline of swimming, eight in diving, and two each in synchronized swimming, water polo, and open water swimming.
The number of events per sport ranges from a minimum of two until , there were sports with only one event to a maximum of 47 in athletics , which despite its large number of events and its diversity is not divided into disciplines except on an informal basis - the division between, for example, swimming and diving in aquatics is not replicated within athletics by divisions between track and field events, or stadium and road events.
The list of Olympic sports has changed considerably during the course of Olympic history, and has gradually increased until the early s, when the IOC decided to cap the number of sports in the Summer Olympics at The only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics , aquatics the discipline of swimming has been in every Olympics , cycling , fencing , and gymnastics the discipline of artistic gymnastics has been in every Olympics.
The only winter sports that were included in all Winter Olympic Games are skiing only nordic skiing , skating figure skating and speed skating , and ice hockey.
Figure skating and ice hockey were also included in the Summer Olympics before the Winter Olympics were introduced in For most of the 20th century, demonstration sports were included in many Olympic Games, usually to promote a non-Olympic sport popular in the host country, or to gauge interest and support for the sport.
Some demonstration sports, like baseball and curling, were later added to the official Olympic program. This changed when the International Olympic Committee decided in to eliminate demonstration sports from Olympics Games after A sport or discipline may be included in the Olympic program if the IOC determines that it is widely practiced around the world, that is, the number of countries and continents that regularly compete in a given sport is the indicator of the sport's prevalence.
The requirements for winter sports are considerably lower than for summer sports since many fewer nations compete in winter sports. The IOC also has lower requirements for inclusion of sports and disciplines for women for the same reason.
Women are still barred from several disciplines; but on the other hand, there are women-only disciplines, such as rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming.
Sports that depend primarily on mechanical propulsion, such as motor sports, may not be considered for recognition as Olympic sports, though there were power-boating events in the early days of the Olympics before this rule was enacted by the IOC.
These criteria are only a threshold for consideration as Olympic sport. There are many sports that easily make the required numbers but are not recognized as Olympic sports, mainly because the IOC has decided to put a limit on the number of sports, as well as events and athletes, in the Summer Olympics in order not to increase them from the 28 sports, events, and 10, athletes of the Summer Olympics.
No such limits exist in the Winter Olympics and the number of events and athletes continue to increase, but no sport has been added since The latest winter sport added to the Winter Olympics was curling in Previous Olympic Games included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like polo and tug of war.
As a result, a number of sports were on the Olympic program for relatively brief periods before Curling, which was an official sport in and then discontinued, was reinstated as Olympic sport in The only sports that have been dropped from the Olympics since are baseball and softball , which were both voted out by the IOC Session in Singapore on July 11, ,  a decision that was reaffirmed on February 9, ,  and reversed on August 3, Therefore, the number of sports in the Summer Olympics was dropped from 28 to Following the addition of women's boxing in , and women's ski jumping in , there are only Greco-Roman wrestling and nordic combined , respectively, that are only for men in those games.
Two previously discontinued sports, golf and rugby , returned for the Summer Olympics. Modern pentathlon and taekwondo were thought to be vulnerable, but instead the IOC recommended dismissing wrestling.
At the first Olympic Games , nine sports were contested. At the Summer Olympics, however, the number of sports fell back to twenty-six following an IOC decision in to remove baseball and softball from the Olympic program.
These sports retain their status as Olympic sports with the possibility of a return to the Olympic program in future games. In order for a sport or discipline to be considered for inclusion in the list of Summer Olympics sports, it must be widely practiced in at least 75 countries, spread over four continents.
The following sports or disciplines of a sport make up the current and discontinued Summer Olympic Games official program and are listed alphabetically according to the name used by the IOC.
The discontinued sports were previously part of the Summer Olympic Games program as official sports, but are no longer on the current program.
Eight of the 34 sports consist of multiple disciplines. It was 31st edition of the prestigious Olympiads in which 28 sports were played.
The next tournament will be held in Tokyo, Japan in which 33 sports will be played. Athletics, Cycling, Fencing, Gymnastics and Swimming are the 5 sports which have always been contested in every Olympiad since There are various games included and excluded in Summer Olympic Games over the years.
John P. Swimming Swimming, in recreation and sports, the propulsion of the body through water by combined arm and leg motions and the natural flotation of the body.
Swimming as an exercise is popular as an all-around body developer and is particularly useful in therapy and as exercise for physically handicapped Cycling Cycling, use of a bicycle for sport, recreation, or transportation.
The sport of cycling consists of professional and amateur races, which are held mostly in continental Europe, the United States, and Asia. The recreational use of the bicycle is widespread in Europe and the United States.
Use of The pair subsequently won a second Olympic gold medal at the Winter Games. Virtue and Moir Over the years the National Ethnic Games have been held on a regular basis, and many of the events have developed and gained popularity among people in different countries and regions.
It is widely acknowledged that China has made tremendous efforts in developing its summer sports ever since the founding of new China in From their partipation in the past seven Olympic Summer Games since Chinese athletes collected gold, silver and bronze medals, making their contributions to the worldwide development of sports.
For the first time in history, China struck gold in an Olympic winter sport when Yang Yang A won both the women's m and m short-track speed skating at Salt Lake City At the Vancouver Winter Games eight years later, China went further by clinching 11 medals, including five golds, two silvers and four bronzes, for an epoch-making seventh place, the first time into top-eight of the Winter Games medal table.
At the Asian Games, China, as the host country, clinched a total of medals golds, silvers, 98 bronzes , including 35 golds from such non-Olympic sports as chess, karate, roller sports, dragon boat, xiangqi, billiard sports, wushu, soft tennis and dancesport.